D. A. Carson & Douglas J. Moo
An Introduction to the New Testament
The letter follows the address (Jude 1-2) with a reference to godless and immoral men who have appeared among the readers (Jude 3-4). In the past, God has punished a variety of sinners, unbelieving Israelites, angels, and Sodom and Gomorrah (Jude 5-7), but these men are worse; they do not respect their own limitations as did the archangel Michael, so they do things that destroy themselves (Jude 8-10; their pride
comes out again in v. 16). They lead fruitless lives, being interested only in their own profit (13), and they engage in flattery to gain their ends (16). Jude cites a prophecy of their destruction (14-15) and calls his readers to persevere, reminding them that Christ’s apostles had foretold all this (17-19). He exhorts them to build themselves up in the faith and concludes with a magnificent benediction (20-25).