Most of the text used in the Old Testament Survey is from The Kingdom of God by Francis Breisch, Jr., published by Christian Schools International, ISBN 0-87463-207-2
HT: Chapel Library
A Christian Survey of the Old Testament explores how the Old Covenant prepares for the New Covenant in Christ in dramatic and mysterious ways. We see God’s character displayed in the beginnings of the world and of man. But sin appears, and its terrible consequences bring the just judgments of God. God then shows His love and mercy in setting apart one family to become His very own people. God redeems them from slavery, gives them His Law, and declares to them His holiness—and they willingly enter into a national covenant with Him. By God’s grace, they become a great nation reflecting the Kingdom of God: His people, in His place, under His rule. By His prescribed sacrifices, sinners can live with the holy God in their midst. Yet from this blessed place, the united kingdom divides, and Israel and then Judah fall prey to pride, idolatry, formalism, and spiritual adultery. God sends His prophets to their kings, repeatedly calling the nation to repentance and faith. But the people will not hear, and God dramatically uses new empires to judge His very own. Even then, however, there is hope in God’s gracious promises: a Redeemer will come to deliver once and for all His people from their sins.
“The knowledge of God…appears throughout as an internal expansion, an organic unfolding from within…The gospel of Paradise is such a germ in which the gospel of Paul is potentially present: and the gospel of Abraham, of Moses, of David, of Isaiah and Jeremiah, are all expansions of this original message of salvation, each pointing forward to the next stage of growth and bringing the gospel idea one step nearer to its full realization.”—Geerhardus Vos (1862-1949)
The New is in the Old concealed; the Old is in the New revealed.
God in the gospel brings forward nothing but what the Law contains.
—John Calvin (1509-1564)
The Old Testament may be likened to a chamber richly furnished
but dimly lighted; the introduction of light brings into it nothing which
was not in it before; but it brings out into clearer view much of what is
in it but was only dimly or even not at all perceived before…Thus the
Old Testament revelation is not corrected by the fuller revelation
which follows it, but only perfected, extended, and enlarged.
—B. B. Warfield (1851-1921)
For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for
our learning, that we through patience and comfort
of the scriptures might have hope.
Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal
life: and they are they which testify of me.