The Covenant of Grace
"God knoweth we have nothing of ourselves, therefore in the covenant of grace he requireth no more than he giveth, and giveth what he requireth, and accepteth what he giveth."
- Richard Sibbes
The excommunication from the Tree of Life (Genesis 3:22-24) confirms the probationary nature of the covenant of works. The first Gospel promise in Genesis 3:15 announces the covenant of grace, i.e. redemption of the elect by the Mediator. The covenant of grace is the progressive historical account of the administration of the Gospel in the history of redemption. The Abrahamic covenant is a renewal of the postlapsarian covenant/promise made to Adam (Genesis 3:15; 17). In the history of redemption, the covenant of grace was renewed in Abraham such that he is the father of all who believe (Romans 4:11; John 8:56). The Abrahamic covenant is logically as well as historically prior to the Mosaic. The Mosaic covenant was not renewed under Christ, but the Abrahamic covenant was.For other uses, see Canaan (disambiguation). ... The New Covenant is new relative to Moses, not Abraham. The New Covenant is the fulfillment of the promise made to Adam (Genesis 3:15) and the (Abrahamic) covenant of grace. The New Covenant is the reality typified by the pre-incarnational types and shadows (2 Corinthians 1:20; John 6:32; Hebrews 7-9).
- R. Scott Clark