by J. C. Ryle
"Without holiness, no man shall see the Lord" Hebrews 12:14
The text which heads this page opens up a subject of deep importance. That subject is practical holiness. It suggests a question which demands the attention of all professing Christians: Are we holy? Shall we see the Lord?
That question can never be out of season. The wise man tells us, "There is . . . a time to weep — and a time to laugh; a time to keep silence — and a time to speak" (Ecclesiastes 3:4, 7); but there is no time, no, not a day, in which a man ought not to be holy. Are we holy?
That question concerns all ranks and conditions of men. Some are rich — and some are poor, some learned — and some unlearned, some masters — and some servants; but there is no rank or condition in life in which a man ought not to be holy. Are we holy?
I ask to be heard today about this question. How does the account stand between our souls and God? In this hurrying, bustling world, let us stand still for a few minutes and consider the matter of holiness. I believe I might have chosen a subject more popular and pleasant. I am sure I might have found one more easy to handle. But I feel deeply I could not have chosen one more seasonable and more profitable to our souls. It is a solemn thing to hear the Word of God saying, "Without holiness, no man shall see the Lord" (Hebrews 12:14).
I will endeavor, by God's help, to examine what true holiness is and the reason why it is so needful. In conclusion, I will try to point out the only way in which holiness can be attained. Having considered the doctrinal side, let us now turn to the plain and practical application.
1. The NATURE of true practical holiness.
First then, let me try to show what true practical holiness is — what sort of people are those whom God calls holy?
A man may go great lengths in religion — and yet never reach true holiness.
It is not knowledge — Balaam had that.
It is not great profession — Judas Iscariot had that.
It is not doing many things — Herod had that.
It is not zeal for certain matters in religion — Jehu had that.
It is not morality and outward respectability of conduct — the rich young ruler had that.
It is not taking pleasure in hearing preachers — the Jews in Ezekiel's time had that.
It is not keeping company with godly people — Joab and Gehazi and Demas had that.
Yet none of these were holy people! These things alone, are not holiness. A man may have any one of them — and yet never see the Lord.
What then is true practical holiness? It is a hard question to answer. I do not mean that there is any lack of Scriptural matter on the subject. But I fear lest I should give a defective view of holiness, and not say all that ought to be said — or lest I should say things about it that ought not to be said, and so do harm. Let me, however, try to draw a picture of Biblical holiness, that we may see it clearly before the eyes of our minds. Only let it never be forgotten, when I have said all, that my account is but a poor imperfect outline at the best.
1. Holiness is the habit of being of one mind with God, according as we find His mind described in Scripture. It is the habit of . . .
agreeing in God's judgment,
hating what He hates,
loving what He loves, and
measuring everything in this world by the standard of His Word.
He who most entirely agrees with God — he is the most holy man.
2. A holy man will endeavor to shun every known sin, and to keep every known commandment. He will have . . .
a decided bent of mind towards God,
a hearty desire to do His will,
a greater fear of displeasing Him than of displeasing the world,
and a love to all His ways.
He will feel what Paul felt when he said, "I delight in the law of God after the inward man" (Romans 7:22), and what David felt when he said, "I esteem all Your precepts concerning all things to be right, and I hate every false way" (Psalm 119:128).
3. A holy man will strive to be like our Lord Jesus Christ. He will not only live the life of faith in Him and draw from Him all his daily peace and strength — but he will also labor to have the mind that was in Him, and to be conformed to His image (Romans 8:29). It will be his aim . . .
to bear with and forgive others, even as Christ forgave us;
to be unselfish, even as Christ pleased not Himself;
to walk in love, even as Christ loved us;
to be lowly-minded and humble, even as Christ made Himself of no reputation and humbled Himself.
He will remember . . .
that Christ was a faithful witness for the truth;
that He came not to do His own will;
that it was His food and drink to do His Father's will;
that He would continually deny Himself in order to minister to others;
that He was meek and patient under undeserved insults;
that He thought more of godly poor men, than of kings;
that He was full of love and compassion to sinners;
that He was bold and uncompromising in denouncing sin;
that He sought not the praise of men, when He might have had it;
that He went about doing good;
that He was separate from worldly people;
that He continued instant in prayer;
that He would not let even His nearest relations stand in His way when God's work was to be done.
All these things, a holy man will try to remember. By them, he will endeavor to shape his course in life. He will lay to heart the saying of John: "He who says he abides in Christ, ought himself also so to walk, even as He walked" (1 John 2:6); and the saying of Peter, that "Christ suffered for us, leaving us an example that you should follow His steps" (1 Peter 2:21). Happy is he who has learned to make Christ his "all," both for salvation and example! Much time would be saved, and much sin prevented — if men would oftener ask themselves the question: "What would Jesus have said and done — if He were in my place?"
4. A holy man will follow after meekness, patience, gentleness, patience, kind tempers, and government of his tongue. He will bear much, forbear much, overlook much and be slow to talk of standing on his rights. We see a bright example of this in the behavior of David when Shimei cursed him, and of Moses when Aaron and Miriam spoke against him (2 Sam. 16:10; Num. 12:3).
5. A holy man will follow after temperance and self-denial. He will labor . . .
to mortify the desires of his body,
to crucify his flesh with his affections and lusts,
to curb his passions,
to restrain his carnal inclinations — lest at any time they break loose.
Oh, what a word is that of the Lord Jesus to the apostles: "Be careful, or your hearts will be weighed down with dissipation, drunkenness and the anxieties of life — and that day will close on you unexpectedly like a trap!" (Luke 21:34); and that of the apostle Paul: "I beat my body and make it my slave, so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified for the prize!" (1 Corinthians 9:27).
6. A holy man will follow after love and brotherly kindness. He will endeavor to observe the 'golden rule' of doing as he would have men do to him — and speaking as he would have men speak to him. He will be full of affection towards his brethren, towards their bodies, their property, their characters, their feelings, their souls. "He who loves another," says Paul, "has fulfilled the law" (Romans 13:8). He will abhor all lying, slandering, backbiting, cheating, dishonesty and unfair dealing — even in the least things. He will strive to adorn his religion by all his outward demeanor, and to make it lovely and beautiful in the eyes of all around him.
Alas, what condemning words are the thirteenth chapter of 1 Corinthians, and the sermon on the mount — when laid alongside the conduct of many professing Christians!
7. A holy man will follow after a spirit of mercy and benevolence towards others. He will not stand idle all the day. He will not be content with doing no harm — he will try to do good. He will strive to be useful in his day and generation, and to lessen the spiritual needs and misery around him as far as he can. Such was Dorcas: "full of good works and alms-deeds, which she did" — not merely purposed and talked about — but did. Such a one was Paul: "I will very gladly spend and be spent for you," he says, "though the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved" (Acts 9:36; 2 Corinthians 12:15).
8. A holy man will follow after purity of heart. He will dread all immorality, and impurity of spirit, and seek to avoid all things that might draw him into it. He knows his own heart is like tinder — and will diligently keep clear of the sparks of temptation. Who shall dare to talk of their own strength — when David can fall?
There is many a hint to be gleaned from the ceremonial law. Under it the man who only touched a bone or a dead body or a grave or a diseased person — became at once unclean in the sight of God. And these things were emblems and figures. Few Christians are ever too watchful and too particular about this point.
9. A holy man will follow after the fear of God. I do not mean the fear of a slave — who only works because he is afraid of punishment and would be idle if he did not dread discovery. I mean rather the fear of a child — who wishes to live and move as if he was always before his father's face, because he loves him.
What a noble example Nehemiah gives us of this! When he became governor at Jerusalem, he could have been supported the Jews and required money from them for his sustenance. The former governors had done so. There was none to blame him, if he did. But he says, "The former governors, in contrast, had laid heavy burdens on the people, demanding a daily ration of food and wine, besides forty pieces of silver. Even their assistants took advantage of the people. But because I feared God — I did not act that way!" (Neh. 5:15).
10. A holy man will follow after humility. He will desire, in lowliness of mind, to esteem all others better than himself. He will see more evil in his own heart — than in any other in the world.
He will understand something of Abraham's feeling, when he says, "I am dust and ashes!"
And Jacob's feeling, when he says, "I am unworthy of the least of all Your mercies!"
And Job's feeling, when he says, "Behold! I am vile!"
And Paul's feeling, when he says, "I am the chief of sinners!"
Holy John Bradford, that faithful martyr of Christ, would sometimes finish his letters with these words: "A most miserable sinner, John Bradford."
The godly William Grimshaw's last words, when he lay on his deathbed, were these: "Here goes an unprofitable servant!"
11. A holy man will follow after faithfulness in all the duties and relations in life. He will try, not merely to fill his place as well as others who take no thought for their souls — but even better, because he has higher motives and more help than they. Those words of Paul should never be forgotten: "Whatever you do — do it heartily, as to the Lord." "Not slothful in business; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord." (Colossians 3:23; Romans 12:11).
Holy people should aim at doing everything well and should be ashamed of allowing themselves to do anything poorly, if they can help it. Like Daniel, they should seek to give no "occasion" against themselves, except concerning the law of their God (Dan. 6:5). They should strive to be . . .
good husbands and good wives,
good parents and good children,
good masters and good servants,
good in private and good in public,
good in the place of business and good by their firesides.
Holiness is worth little indeed — if it does not bear this kind of fruit. The Lord Jesus puts a searching question to His people when He says, "What are you doing more than others?" (Matthew 5:47).
12. Last — but not least, a holy man will follow after spiritual-mindedness. He will endeavor to set his affections on things above, and to hold things on earth with a very loose hand. He will not neglect the business of the present life; but the first place in his mind and thoughts will be given to eternal realities. He will aim to live like one whose treasure is in Heaven, and to pass through this world like a stranger and pilgrim traveling to his home.
To commune with God in prayer, in the Bible, and in the assembly of His people — these things will be the holy man's chief enjoyments. He will value every thing and place and company — just in proportion as it draws him nearer to God. He will enter into something of David's feeling, when he says, "My soul follows hard after You!" "You are my portion!" (Psalm 63:8; 119:57).
Here let me insert, that I am not without fear that my meaning will be mistaken, and the description I have given of holiness will discourage some tender conscience. I would not willingly make one righteous heart sad, or throw a stumbling block in any believer's way.
I do not say for a moment that holiness shuts out the presence of indwelling sin. No, far from it. It is the greatest misery of a holy man, that he carries about with him a "body of sin and death"; that often when he would do good — but evil is present with him; that the old man is clogging all his movements and, as it were, trying to draw him back at every step he takes! (Romans 7:21).
But it is the excellence of a holy man — that he is not at peace with indwelling sin, as others are. He hates it, mourns over it and longs to be free from its company. The work of sanctification within him, is like the wall of Jerusalem — the building goes forward "even in troublous times" (Dan. 9:25).
Neither do I say that holiness comes to ripeness and perfection all at once; or that these graces I have touched on must be found in full bloom and vigor, before you can call a man holy. No, far from it! Sanctification is always a progressive work. Some men's graces are in the blade, some in the ear, and some are like full grain in the ear. (Mark 4:28) All must have a beginning. We must never despise "the day of small things."
Sanctification in the very holiest man — is an imperfect work. The history of the brightest saints that ever lived, will contain many a "but" and "however" and "notwithstanding" before you reach the end. The gold will never be without some dross, the light will never shine without some clouds — until we reach the heavenly Jerusalem. The sun itself has spots upon its face. The holiest men have many a blemish and defect when weighed in the balance of the sanctuary. Their life is a continual warfare with sin, the world and the devil; and sometimes you will see them not overcoming — but overcome! The flesh is ever lusting against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh. In many things we all stumble. (Galatians 5:17; James 3:2).
But still, for all this, I am sure that to have such a character as I have faintly drawn, is the heart's desire and prayer of all true Christians. They press towards it — if they do not reach it. They may not attain to it — but they always aim at it. It is what they strive and labor to be — if it is not what they are.
And I do boldly and confidently say, that true holiness is a great reality. It is something in a man that can be seen and known and marked and felt by all around him.
It is light — if it exists, it will show itself.
It is salt — if it exists, its savor will be perceived.
It is a precious ointment — if it exists, its fragrance cannot be hidden.
I am sure that we should make allowance for much backsliding, for much occasional deadness in professing Christians. I know a road may lead from one point to another — and yet have many a winding and turn. Just so, a man may be truly holy — and yet be drawn aside by many an infirmity. Gold is not the less gold because mingled with alloy; nor light the less light because faint and dim; nor grace the less grace because young and weak.
But after every allowance, I cannot see how any man deserves to be called "holy" — who willfully allows himself in sins, and is not humbled and ashamed because of them. I dare not call anyone "holy" — who makes a habit of willfully neglecting known duties and willfully doing what he knows God has commanded him not to do. Well says Owen, "I do not understand how a man can be a true believer, unto whom sin is not the greatest burden, sorrow and trouble!"
Such are the leading characteristics of practical holiness. Let us examine ourselves and see whether we are acquainted with it. Let us prove our own selves.
2. The IMPORTANCE of practical holiness.
Can holiness save us? Can holiness put away sin, cover iniquities, make satisfaction for transgressions, pay our debt to God? No, not a whit! God forbid that I should ever say so. Holiness can do none of these things. The brightest saints, are all "unprofitable servants" in themselves. Our purest works are no better than filthy rags when tried by the light of God's holy law. The white robe, which Jesus offers and faith puts on, must be our only righteousness; the name of Christ must be our only confidence, the Lamb's book of life must be our only title to Heaven. With all our holiness — we are no better than sinners. Our best things are stained and tainted with imperfection! They are all more or less incomplete, wrong in the motive, or defective in the performance. By the deeds of the law, shall no child of Adam ever be justified. "By grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God: not of works, lest any man should boast" (Ephesians 2:8, 9).
Why then is holiness so important? Why does the apostle say, "Without holiness, no man shall see the Lord"? Let me set out in order a few reasons.
1. For one thing, we must be holy, because the voice of God in Scripture plainly commands it. The Lord Jesus says to His people, "Except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall never enter into the kingdom of Heaven" (Matthew 5:20). "Be perfect, even as your Father which is in Heaven is perfect" (Matthew 5:48). Paul tells the Thessalonians, "This is the will of God, even your sanctification" (1 Thessalonians 4:3). And Peter says, "As He who has called you is holy, so be holy in all manner of conversation; because it is written: Be holy — for I am holy" (1 Peter 1:15, 16). "In this," says Leighton, "law and gospel agree."
2. We must be holy, because this is one grand end and purpose for which Christ came into the world. Paul writes to the Corinthians, "He died for all, that those who live should not henceforth live unto themselves — but unto Him who died for them and rose again" (2 Corinthians 5:15); and to the Ephesians, "Christ . . . loved the church, and gave Himself for it, that He might sanctify and cleanse it" (Ephesians 5:25, 26); and to Titus, "He gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto Himself a peculiar people, zealous for good works" (Titus 2:14). In short, to talk of men being saved from the guilt of sin, without being at the same time saved from its dominion in their hearts — is to contradict the witness of all Scripture.
Are believers said to be elect? It is "through sanctification of the Spirit."
Are they predestined? It is "to be conformed to the image of God's Son."
Are they chosen? It is "that they may be holy."
Are they called? It is "with a holy calling."
Are they afflicted? It is that they may be "partakers of holiness."
Jesus is a complete Savior. He does not merely take away the guilt of a believer's sin. He does more — He breaks its power (1 Peter 1:2; Romans 8:29; Ephesians 1:4; Hebrews 12:10).
3. We must be holy, because this is the only sound evidence that we have a saving faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. The twelfth Article of our church says truly, that "Although good works cannot take away our sins, and endure the severity of God's judgement — yet are they pleasing and acceptable to God in Christ, and necessarily spring out of a true and living faith; insomuch that by them a living faith may be as evidently known, as a tree discerned by its fruits."
James warns us there is such a thing as a dead faith — a faith which goes no further than the profession of the lips, and has no influence on a man's character (James 2:17). True saving faith is a very different kind of thing. True faith will always show itself by its fruits:
it will sanctify,
it will work by love,
it will overcome the world,
it will purify the heart.
I know that people are fond of talking about deathbed evidences. They will rest on words spoken in the hours of fear and pain and weakness — as if they might take comfort in them, about the friends they lose. But I am afraid in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, such evidences are not to be depended on. I suspect that, with rare exceptions — men die just as they have lived.
The only safe evidence that we are one with Christ, and Christ in us — is holy life. Those who live unto the Lord — are generally the only people who die in the Lord. If we would die the death of the righteous, let us not rest in slothful desires only; let us seek to live His life. It is a true saying of Traill's: "That faith is unsound — whose hopes of glory do not purify his heart and life."
4. We must be holy, because this is the only proof that we love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. This is a point on which He has spoken most plainly, in the fourteenth and fifteenth chapters of John:
"If you love Me — keep My commandments."
"He who has My commandments and keeps them — he it is that loves Me."
"If a man loves Me — he will keep My words."
"You are My friends — if you do whatever I command you"
(John 14:15, 21, 23; 15:14). Plainer words than these, it would be difficult to find; and woe to those who neglect them!
Surely that man must be in an unhealthy state of soul, who can think of all that Jesus suffered — and yet love those sins for which that suffering was undergone!
It was sin which wove the crown of thorns!
It was sin which pierced our Lord's hands and feet and side!
It was sin which brought Him to Gethsemane and Calvary, to the cross and to the grave! Cold must our hearts be, if we do not hate sin and labor to get rid of it — though we may have to cut off the right hand and pluck out the right eye in doing it!
5. We must be holy, because this is the only sound evidence that we are true children of God. Children in this world are generally like their parents. Some, doubtless, are more so, and some less; but it is seldom indeed that you cannot trace a kind of family likeness. And it is much the same with the children of God. The Lord Jesus says, "If you were Abraham's children — you would do the works of Abraham." "If God were your Father — you would love Me" (John 8:39, 42). If men have no likeness to the Father in Heaven — it is vain to talk of their being His "sons." If we know nothing of holiness — we may flatter ourselves as we please; but we have not got the Holy Spirit dwelling in us. We are dead — and must be brought to life again; we are lost — and must be found. "As many as are led by the Spirit of God, they," and they only, "are the sons of God" (Romans 8:14).
We must show by our lives — the family we belong to. We must let men see by our holy lives, that we are indeed the children of the Holy One — or our sonship is but an empty name. "Say not," says Gurnall, "that you have royal blood in your veins, and are born of God — unless you can prove your pedigree by daring to be holy!"
6. We must be holy, because this is the most likely way to do good to others. We cannot live to ourselves only, in this world. Our lives will always be doing either good or harm, to those who see them. They are a silent sermon which all can read. It is sad indeed when they are a sermon for the devil's cause — and not for God's.
I believe that far more is done for Christ's kingdom by the holy living of believers, than we are at all aware of. There is a reality about such living, which makes men feel, and obliges them to think. It carries a weight and influence with it which nothing else can give. It makes religion beautiful, and draws men to consider it, like a lighthouse seen afar off. The day of judgment will prove that many besides husbands have been won "without the Word" by a holy life (1 Peter 3:1). You may talk to people about the doctrines of the gospel — and few will listen, and still fewer understand. But your life is an argument that none can escape! There is a meaning about holiness, which not even the most unlearned can help understanding. They may not understand justification — but they can understand love.
I believe there is far more harm done by unholy and inconsistent professors, than we are at all aware of. Such men are among Satan's best allies. They pull down by their lives — what ministers build with their lips. They cause the chariot wheels of the gospel to drive heavily. They supply the children of this world with a never-ending excuse for remaining as they are. "I cannot see the use of so much religion," said an impious tradesman not long ago; "I observe that some of my customers are always talking about the gospel and faith and election and the blessed promises and so forth — and yet these very people think nothing of cheating me of pence and halfpence when they have an opportunity. Now, if religious people can do such things, I do not see what good there is in religion."
I grieve to be obliged to write such things — but I fear that Christ's name is too often blasphemed because of the lives of Christians. Let us take heed lest the blood of souls should be required at our hands. From murder of souls by inconsistency and loose walking, good Lord, deliver us! Oh, for the sake of others, if for no other reason, let us strive to be holy!
7. We must be holy, because our present comfort depends much upon it. We are sadly apt to forget that there is a close connection between . . .
sin — and sorrow,
holiness — and happiness,
sanctification — and consolation.
God has so wisely ordered it, that our well-being and our well-doing are linked together. He has mercifully provided that even in this world, it shall be in man's best interest to be holy. Our justification is not by works, our calling and election are not according to our works; but it is vain for anyone to suppose that he will have a lively sense of his justification, or an assurance of his calling — so long as he neglects good works, or does not strive to live a holy life. "Hereby we know that we know Him — if we keep His commandments." "Hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts" (1 John 2:3; 3:19).
A believer may as soon expect to feel the sun's rays upon a dark and cloudy day — as to feel strong consolation in Christ while he does not follow Him fully. When the disciples forsook the Lord and fled, they escaped danger; but they were miserable and sad. When, shortly after, they confessed Him boldly before men, they were cast into prison and beaten; but we are told, "They rejoiced that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for His name" (Acts 5:41). Oh, for our own sakes, if there were no other reason — let us strive to be holy! He who follows Jesus most fully — will always follow Him most comfortably!
8. Lastly, we must be holy, because without holiness on earth — we will never be prepared to enjoy Heaven.
Heaven is a holy place.
The Lord of Heaven is a holy Being.
The angels are holy creatures.
Holiness is written on everything in Heaven. The book of Revelation says expressly, "Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful — but only those whose names are written in the Lamb's book of life." (Revelation 21:27).
How will we ever be at home and happy in Heaven — if we die unholy? Death works no change in our essential character. The grave makes no alteration. Each will rise again with the same character in which he breathed his last. Where will our place be in eternity — if we are strangers to holiness now?
Suppose for a moment, that you were allowed to enter Heaven without holiness. What would you do? What possible enjoyment could you feel there? To which of all the saints would you join yourself, and by whose side would you sit down? Their pleasures are not your pleasures, their tastes not your tastes, their character not your character. How could you possibly be happy, if you had not been holy on earth?
Now perhaps, you love the company of . . .
the light and the careless,
the worldly-minded and the covetous,
the reveler and the pleasure-seeker,
the ungodly and the profane.
There will be none such in Heaven.
Now perhaps you think the saints of God too strict and particular and serious. You rather avoid them. You have no delight in their society. There will be no other company in Heaven.
Now perhaps you think that praying and Scripture reading and hymn singing — are dull and melancholy and foolish work, a thing to be tolerated now and then — but not enjoyed. You reckon the Sabbath a burden and a weariness; you could not possibly spend more than a small part of it in worshiping God. But remember, Heaven is a never-ending Sabbath. The inhabitants thereof rest not day or night, saying, "Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty," and singing the praise of the Lamb. How could an unholy man find pleasure in occupation such as this?
Do you think that such a one would delight to meet David and Paul and John — after a life spent in doing the very things they spoke against? Would he take sweet counsel with them and find that he and they had much in common? Do you think, above all, that he would rejoice to meet Jesus, the crucified One, face to face — after cleaving to the sins for which He died, after loving His enemies and despising His friends? Would he stand before Him with confidence, and join in the cry, "This is our God . . . we have waited for Him, we will be glad and rejoice in His salvation" (Isaiah 25:9)? Do you not think rather, that the tongue of an unholy man would cleave to the roof of his mouth with shame, and his only desire would be to be cast out? He would feel a stranger in a land he did not know, a black sheep amid Christ's holy flock. The voice of cherubim and seraphim, the song of angels and archangels, and all the company of Heaven — would be a language he could not understand. The very air would seem an air he could not breathe!
I do not know what others may think — but to me it does seem clear that Heaven would be a miserable place to an unholy man. It cannot be otherwise. People may say in a vague way, that they "hope to go to Heaven," but they do not consider what they say. There must be a certain "fitness for the inheritance of the saints in light." Our hearts must be somewhat in tune. To reach the holiday of glory — we must pass through the training school of grace. We must be heavenly-minded and have heavenly tastes in the present life — or else we will never find ourselves in Heaven in the life to come!
And now, before I go any further, let me say a few words by way of APPLICATION.
1. The most pertinent question to ask is this: "Are you holy?" Listen, I beg you, to the question I put to you this day. Do you know anything of the holiness of which I have been speaking?
I do not ask whether you attend your church regularly, whether you have been baptized and received the Lord's Supper, whether you have the name of Christian. I ask something more than all this: Are you holy — or are you not?
I do not ask whether you approve of holiness in others, whether you like to read the lives of holy people and to talk of holy things and to have on your table holy books, whether you mean to be holy and hope you will be holy some day. I ask something further: are you yourself holy this very day — or are you not?
And why do I ask so straitly and press the question so strongly? I do it because the Scripture says, "Without holiness no man shall see the Lord." It is written — it is not my imagination; it is the Bible — not my private opinion; it is the word of God — not of man: "Without holiness no man shall see the Lord!" (Hebrews 12:14).
Alas, what searching, sifting words are these! What thoughts come across my mind as I write them down! I look at the world and see the greater part of it lying in wickedness. I look at professing Christians and see the vast majority having nothing of Christianity but the name. I turn to the Bible, and I hear the Spirit saying, "Without holiness no man shall see the Lord!"
Surely it is a text that ought to make us consider our ways and search our hearts. Surely it should raise within us solemn thoughts and send us to prayer.
You may try to put me off by saying you feel much and think much about these things — far more than many suppose. I answer, "This is not the point. The poor lost souls in Hell do as much as this! The great question is not what you think, and what you feel — but what you do."
You may say, it was never meant that all Christians should be holy; and that holiness, such as I have described, is only for great saints and people of uncommon gifts. I answer, "I cannot see that in Scripture. I read that every man who has hope in Christ purifies himself" (1 John 3:3). "Without holiness no man shall see the Lord."
You may say, it is impossible to be so holy and to do our duty in this life at the same time — the thing cannot be done. I answer, "You are mistaken." It can be done. With Christ on your side, nothing is impossible. It has been done by many. David and Obadiah and Daniel are all examples that go to prove it.
You may say, if you were so holy — you would be unlike other people. I answer, "I know it well. It is just what you ought to be. Christ's true servants always were unlike the world around them — a separate nation, a peculiar people — and you must be so too, if you would be saved!"
You may say, at this rate, very few will be saved. I answer, "I know it. It is precisely what we are told in the sermon on the mount." The Lord Jesus said so eighteen hundred years ago. "Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leads unto life, and few there are who find it" (Matthew 7:14). Few will be saved — because few will take the trouble to seek salvation. Men will not deny themselves the pleasures of sin, and their own way, for a little season. They turn their backs on "a priceless inheritance — an inheritance that is reserved in Heaven — pure and undefiled, beyond the reach of change and decay!" "You will not come to Me," says Jesus, "that you might have life" (John 5:40).
You may say, these are hard sayings; the way is very narrow. I answer, "I know it. So says the sermon on the mount." The Lord Jesus said so eighteen hundred years ago. He always said that men must take up the cross daily, and that they must be ready to cut off hand or foot, if they would be His disciples. It is in religion, as it is in other things — there are no gains without pains. That which costs nothing — is worth nothing!
Whatever we may think fit to say, we must be holy if we would see the Lord in glory. Where is our Christianity, if we are not holy? We must not merely have a Christian name and Christian knowledge — we must have a Christian character also. We must be saints on earth — if ever we mean to be saints in Heaven. God has said it, and He will not go back: "Without holiness no man shall see the Lord."
"The pope's calendar," says Jenkyn, "only makes saints of the dead — but Scripture requires sanctity in the living." "Let not men deceive themselves," says Owen, "sanctification is a qualification indispensably necessary unto those who will be under the conduct of the Lord Christ unto salvation. He leads none to Heaven — but whom He sanctifies on the earth. This living Head, will not admit of dead members!"
Surely we need not wonder that Scripture says, "You must be born again" (John 3:7). Surely it is as clear as noonday that many professing Christians need a complete change, new hearts, new natures — if ever they are to be saved. Old things must pass away; they must become new creatures. "Without holiness no man," be he who he may, "no man shall see the Lord!"
2. Let me speak a little to believers. I ask you this question, "Do you think you feel the importance of holiness as much as you should?"
I admit that I fear the temper of the times about this subject. I doubt exceedingly whether holiness holds that place which it deserves in the thoughts and attention of some of the Lord's people. I would humbly suggest that we are apt to overlook the doctrine of growth in grace; and that we do not sufficiently consider how very far a person may go in a profession of religion — and yet have no grace, and be dead in God's sight after all! I believe that Judas Iscariot seemed very like the other apostles. When the Lord warned them that one would betray Him, no one said, "Is it Judas?" We had better think more about the churches of Sardis and Laodicea than we do.
I have no desire to make an idol of holiness. I do not wish to dethrone Christ — and put holiness in His place. But I must candidly say, I wish that sanctification was more thought of in this day than it seems to be; and I therefore take occasion to press the subject on all believers into whose hands these pages may fall. I fear that it is sometimes forgotten, that God has married together justification and sanctification. They are distinct and different things, beyond question; but one is never found without the other. All justified people are sanctified — and all sanctified people are justified. What God has joined together — let no man dare to put asunder.
Tell me not of your justification — unless you have also some marks of sanctification. Boast not of Christ's work for you — unless you can show us the Spirit's work in you. Do not think that Christ and the Spirit can ever be divided. I do not doubt that many believers know these things — but I think it good for us to be put in remembrance of them. Let us prove that we know them — by our lives. Let us try to keep in view this text more continually: "Follow holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord!"
I must frankly say, that the overly-sensitive approach many people take towards the subject of holiness, is a dangerous error. Some would think it more dangerous to approach the subject — yet the opposite is the case! Yet if we exalt Christ as the "way, the truth and the life," how can we refuse to speak strongly about those who call themselves after His name?
I would say it with all reverence — but say it I must: I sometimes fear that if Christ were on earth now — there are many who would think His preaching to be legal. And if Paul were writing his Epistles — there are those who would think he had better not write the latter part of most of them as he did. But let us remember, that the Lord Jesus did speak the sermon on the mount, and that the Epistle to the Ephesians contains six chapters and not four. I grieve to feel obliged to speak in this way — but I am sure there is a cause.
That great divine, John Owen, the Dean of Christ Church, used to say, more than two hundred years ago, that there were people whose whole religion seemed to consist in going about complaining of their own corruptions and telling everyone that they could do nothing of themselves. I am afraid that after two centuries, the same thing might be said with truth of some of Christ's professing people in this day. I know there are texts in Scripture which warrant such complaints. I do not object to them, when they come from men who walk in the steps of the apostle Paul and fight a good fight, as he did, against sin, the devil and the world. But I never like such complaints when I see ground for suspecting, as I often do — that they are only a cloak to cover spiritual laziness, and an excuse for spiritual sloth. If we say with Paul, "O wretched man that I am!" let us also be able to say with him, "I press toward the mark!" Let us not quote his example in one thing, while we do not follow him in another (Romans 7:24; Philippians 3:14).
I do not set up myself to be better than other people; and if anyone asks, "What are you, that you write in this way?" I answer, "I am a very poor creature indeed." But I say that I cannot read the Bible without desiring to see many believers . . .
than they are in the nineteenth century. I want to see among believers . . .
more of a pilgrim spirit,
a more decided separation from the world,
a conversation more evidently in Heaven,
a closer walk with God —
and therefore I have written as I have.
Is it true, that we need a higher standard of personal holiness in this day. Where is our patience? Where is our zeal? Where is our love? Where are our works? Where is the power of religion to be seen, as it was in times gone by? Where is that unmistakable tone which used to distinguish the saints of old and shake the world? Truly our silver has become dross, our wine mixed with water, and our salt has very little savor. We are all more than half asleep! The night is far spent, and the day is at hand. Let us awake — and sleep no more. Let us open our eyes more widely, than we have done up to this time. "Let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which does so easily beset us." "Let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of flesh and spirit, and perfect holiness in the fear of God" (Hebrews 12:1; 2 Corinthians 7:1). "Did Christ die," says Owen, "and shall sin live? Was He crucified in the world — and shall our affections to the world be quick and lively? Oh, where is the spirit of Paul, who by the cross of Christ, was crucified to the world, and the world to him?"
3. A word of advice. Would you be holy? Would you become a new creature? Then you must begin with Christ. You will do just nothing at all, and make no progress — until you feel your sin and weakness, and flee to Him. He is the root and beginning of all holiness — and the way to be holy, is to come to Him by faith and be joined to Him. Christ is not wisdom and righteousness only to His people — but sanctification also. Men sometimes try to make themselves holy first of all — and sad work they make of it. They toil and labor and turn over many new leaves, and make many changes; and yet, like the woman with the issue of blood, before she came to Christ, they feel "nothing bettered — but rather worse" (Mark 5:26). They run in vain and labor in vain, and little wonder — for they are beginning at the wrong end. They are building up a wall of sand; their work runs down — as fast as they throw it up. They are baling water out of a leaky vessel; the leak gains on them — not they on the leak.
Other foundation of holiness can no man lay, than that which Paul laid — even Christ Jesus. Without Christ we can do nothing (John 15:5). It is a strong but true saying of Traill's:
"Wisdom out of Christ is damning folly;
righteousness out of Christ is guilt and condemnation;
sanctification out of Christ is filth and sin;
redemption out of Christ is bondage and slavery!"
Do you want to attain holiness? Do you feel this day a real hearty desire to be holy? Would you be a partaker of the divine nature? Then go to Christ! Wait for nothing. Wait for nobody. Linger not. Do not think to make yourself ready. Go and say to Him, in the words of that beautiful hymn,
"Nothing in my hand I bring,
Simply to Your cross I cling;
Naked, flee to You for dress;
Helpless, look to You for grace."
There is not a brick nor a stone laid in the work of our sanctification — until we go to Christ. Holiness is His special gift to His believing people. Holiness is the work He carries on in their hearts by the Spirit whom He puts within them. He is appointed a "Prince and a Savior, to give repentance" as well as remission of sins. To as many as receive Him, He gives power to become sons of God (Acts 5:31; John 9:12, 13). Holiness comes not by blood — parents cannot give it to their children; nor of the will of the flesh — man cannot produce it in himself; nor of the will of man — ministers cannot give it to you by baptism. Holiness comes from Christ. It is the result of vital union with Him. It is the fruit of being a living branch of the true Vine. Go then to Christ and say, "Lord, not only save me from the guilt of sin — but send the Spirit, whom You promised, and save me from its power. Make me holy. Teach me to do Your will."
Would you continue holy? Then abide in Christ. (John 15:4, 5). It pleased the Father that in Him should all fullness dwell — a full supply for all a believer's needs. He is the Physician to whom you must daily go — if you would keep well. He is the Manna which you must daily eat, and the Rock from which you must daily drink. His arm is the arm on which you must daily lean, as you come up out of the wilderness of this world. You must not only be rooted — you must also be built up in Him.
Paul was a man of God indeed, a holy man, a growing thriving Christian — and what was the secret of it all? He was one to whom Christ was all in all. He was ever looking unto Jesus. "I can do all things," he says, "through Christ who strengthens me." "I live; yet not I — but Christ lives in me: and the life which I now live, I live by the faith in the Son of God." Let us go and do likewise (Hebrews 12:2; Philippians 4:13; Galatians 2:20).
May all who read these pages, know these things by experience — and not by hearsay only! May we all feel the importance of holiness far more than we have ever done yet! May our years be holy years with our souls — and then they will be happy ones! Whether we live — may we live unto the Lord; or whether we die — may we die unto the Lord. And if He comes for us — may we be found in peace, without spot, and blameless!