Reformation Theology Blog

How was the Covenant of Grace Administered Under the Old Testament?

Westminster Larger Catechism

Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace administered under the Old Testament?

A. The covenant of grace was administered under the Old Testament, by promises, prophecies, sacrifices, circumcision, the Passover, and other types and ordinances, which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah, by whom they then had full remission of sin, and eternal salvation.

Rom. 15:8; Acts 3:20, 24; Heb. 10:1; Rom. 4:11; 1 Cor. 5:7; Heb. 8-10, 11:13; Gal. 3:7-9, 14.

Born of the Flesh: The Natural State of Humanity and the Need for Spiritual Rebirth

John 3:5-6 (ESV) - "Jesus answered, 'Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.'" Jesus teaches that to enter the kingdom of God, one must be born again of the Spirit, implying that our NATURAL BIRTH into this world leaves us in a fleshly state, separated from the life of God.

The Typological Significance of the Sacrifice of Isaac

This momentous event, as recounted in Genesis 22, is rich with typological significance, revealing profound truths about the nature of God's redemptive plan. When Abraham was commanded to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice, he obediently and faithfully journeyed to Mount Moriah, prepared to obey the will of the Lord. This account serves as a poignant foreshadowing of God offering His only Son, Jesus, as the ultimate sacrifice for the sins of the world (John 3:16).

Union with Christ and Federal Headship

The doctrines of "Union with Christ" and "Federal Headship" are deeply rooted in the Bible and have profound implications for our understanding of salvation, sanctification, and our identity as believers. By delving into these rich concepts, we can glean insights into the mysterious workings of God's redemptive plan and the blessings that come from our union with Christ.

The Perfection of God's Power in Weakness: A Theological Reflection

In the present age, the people of God around the world find themselves facing seemingly insurmountable challenges, not unlike the beleaguered defenders of Helm's Deep in the famed Lord of the Rings saga. With the world engulfed in turmoil and unrest, it is natural for believers to feel vulnerable and powerless. However, we are reminded that God often allows His people to experience profound weakness, in order to reveal His infinite power and bring about His ultimate glory.

Do you think repentance means we simply stop sinning?

Repentance does not mean to simply stop sinning. Instead, it involves the grace-enabled act of turning to the sole Person with the capacity to empower an individual to overcome sin—namely, Christ. Being a Christian is not a self-salvation project, but rather an appeal to the divine grace of God in Jesus Christ as the sole hope for redemption. Bereft of this divine intervention, human beings would remain perpetually incapable of change, irrespective of therapeutic interventions or the exertion of willpower.

Why Did Jesus Emphasize Witnesses?

Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead, and that repentance for the forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things. Luke 24:46-48

For Our Sake He Made Him to be Sin Who Knew No Sin

Hello Monergism, Please, could you let me know what exactly it means that Christ [who was perfect and sinless] "BECAME SIN" for us. How was this possible? Thank you

That is a great question.

When it is said that Jesus "became sin" for us, it doesn't mean that He became sinful or committed sin Himself. Instead, it means that our sins were imputed or accounted to Him, and He bore the punishment that we deserved for those sins.

The World of Constraints: Embracing the Limits of our Realm of Facts

If you draw a giraffe, you must draw him with a long neck. If, in your bold creative way, you hold yourself free to draw a giraffe with a short neck, you will really find that you are not free to draw a giraffe. The moment you step into the world of facts, you step into a world of limits...Do not go about as a demagogue, encouraging triangles to break out of the prison of their three sides.

12 Ways to Guard Against Apostasy and Backsliding

The ensuing recommendations entail a combination of personal disciplines, ecclesiastical practices, and theological perspectives to fortify the believer's faith.

  1. Sola Scriptura: Adherence to the principle of "Scripture Alone" is paramount in guarding against apostasy. By prioritizing the Bible as the ultimate authority, believers are anchored in the objective truth of God's Word, rather than subjective experiences or human traditions (2 Timothy 3:16-17).